Description of the Courses which address the Gender, Environment & Sustainability, Human Values & Professional Ethics



  • Gender




    Course Name: Gender Studies in Literature


    • This course offers basic understanding of concepts like, Sex and Gender; Women’s Liberation
    • Movement; Feminisms; Women and the Canon; Gynocriticism with reference to the prescribed texts.
    • Students will study a selection of novels and/or short stories that focus on women’s lives and reflect on what it means to be a woman and feminist from various sexual, racial, class, and national perspectives.
    • After completing the course the students come to know some of the developments, themes, and narrative strategies of women writing. Student can analyse literary texts through the perspectives of gender, knowing the central points of a selection of feminist theory, and can use it as a context for reading literary texts.




    Unit I: Poetry

    Sylvia Plath:  Mad Girl's Love Song; Lady Lazarus

    Marge Piercy: What Are Big Girls Made of; My Mother’s Body

    Maya Angelou: Phenomenal Woman; Our Grandmothers

    Rupi Kaur: What Every Girl Needs to Hear


    Unit II: Essays

    Virginia Woolf: A Room of One’s Own (Chapter Five)

    Alice Walker: In Search of Our Mothers’ Gardens

    Rajeswari Sunder Rajan: Is the Hindu Goddess a Feminist


    Unit III: Fiction

    Alice Walker: The Colour Purple

    Shyam Selvadurai: The Funny Boy


    Unit IV: Plays

    Lorraine Hansberry: A Raisin in the Sun

    Sam Shepard: Fool for Love


    Suggested Readings:

    Abe love, Henry, et al. (ed.) The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader. New York and London: Routledge, 1993. Print.

    Adams, Rachel and David Savran (eds). The Masculinity Studies Reader. New York: Wiley, 2002. Print.

    Alexander and Mohanty (eds). Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, Democratic Futures.

    New York: Routledge, 2012. Print.

    Hall, Donald E. et al. (ed.). The Routledge Queer Studies Reader. New York and London: Routledge, 2013. Print.

    Lionnet, Francoise. Postcolonial Representations: Women, Literature, Identity. Ithaca. New York: Cornell University Press, 1995. Print.

    Mohanty, Chandra. Feminism without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2003. Print.

    Sunder Rajan. Rajeswari. Signposts. USA: Rutgers University Press, 2001. Print.

    Stryker, Susan and Stephen Whittle (eds). The Transgender Studies Reader. New York and London: Routledge, 2006. Print.

    Course Name: Gender and Society


    • This course plan focuses on the emergence of women’s movements and women’s studies in the context of feminist thought and critiques of sociological theories and methodologies. The objective is to trace the evolution of gender as a category of social analysis in the late twentieth century. Major debates that have emerged are also outlined. The format provides for a comparative perspective in so far as the first part encompasses the developed and the developing countries while the second part revolves around issues concerning Indian women. It is hoped that exposure to the course will lead to a better understanding of the social phenomena.



    UNIT I: Introduction

    Sex and Gender

    Nature vs Nurture, Equality vs Difference

    Private-Public Dichotomy, Social Construction of Gender

    Medical Construction of Gender, Patriarchy as Ideology and Practice

    Concept of Work: Production vs. Reproduction

                   Productive and Non-Productive Work

                   Use Value and Market Value

                   Household Work as Invisible Work


    Unit II: Feminist Thoughts and Sociological Analysis

    Emergence of Feminist Thought

    Perspectives on Gender: Liberal, Marxist, Socialist, Radical, Black, Third World, and Post-Modernist

    Feminist Critiques of Sociological Theorisation and Methodology

    Alternative Conceptions of Gender: Caste and Class


    Unit III: Gender and Society in India

    Economy: Marginalisation of Women and Sexual Division of Labour, Mode of Production, Women in Organised and Unorganised Sector

    Polity: Role of Women in Indian Polity, Reservations for Women.

    Religion and Culture: Women’s Nature; Women as Repositories of Cultural Practices and Traditions; Marriage, Dowry and Property.

    Personal Laws and Civil Code: Hindu Code Bills, Christian Personal Law, Muslim Personal Law, Customary Law and Tribal Women.

    Issues Affecting the Quality of Life of Women: Health, Education, Ecology and  Environment, Land Rights, Communalism, and Violence


    Unit IV: The Changing Status of Women in India

    Pre-Colonial, Colonial and Post-Colonial

    Demographic Profile and Gender Gap (Census and NSS data)

    The role of the state and the NGOs.

    New Economic Policy and its Impact on Women’s Employment:

    Globalization, Structural Adjustment Programs

    Development Policies, Liberalisation and Globalisation and their Impact on Women Development and Women’s Empowerment.



    Agarwal,B. (1995).Field of One’s Own: Gender and Land Rights in South Asia.New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Agnihotri, I. and V. Mazumdar. (1995). ‘Changing Terms of Political Discourse: Women’s Movement in India, 1970s-1990s’, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 30, Issue No. 29, pp. 1869-1878.

    Altekar, A.S. (1983). The Position of Women in Hindu Civilization (2nd ed.).Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. 

    Chodrow, N. (1978). The Reproduction of Mothering. Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Desai, N. and M. Krishnaraj. (1987). Women and Society in India. Delhi: Ajanta.



  • Environment & Sustainability



    Course Name: Environmental Studies


    To enable the students to develop their understanding relating to issues relating to environment and their responsibility towards it.




    Unit I: Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies

    Definition, scope and importance, Need for public awareness. 


    Unit II: Natural Resources and Ecosystems

    Renewable and non-renewable resources: Natural resources and associated problems.

    Concept of an ecosystem, Structure and function of an ecosystem, Producers, consumers and decomposers, Energy flow in the ecosystem, Ecological succession, Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids.


    Unit III: Biodiversity and its conservation

    Introduction – Definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity, Biogeographical classification of India, Value of biodiversity, Biodiversity at global, National and local levels, India as a mega-diversity nation, Hot-sports of biodiversity, Threats to biodiversity


    Unit IV: Social Issues, Human Population and the Environment

    From Unsustainable to Sustainable development, urban problems related to energy, Water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management, Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns,

    Population growth, variation among nations, Population explosion – Family Welfare Programme, Environment and human health, Human Rights, Value Education, HIV/AIDS, Women and Child Welfare, Role of Information Technology in Environment and human health.

    Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions, Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust. Case Studies.


    Unit V: Field work/Assignment

    • Visit to a local area to document environmental assets river/forest/grassland/hill/mountain
    • Visit to a local polluted site-Urban/Rural/Industrial/Agricultural
    • Study of common plants, insects, birds.
    • Study of simple ecosystems-pond, river, hill slopes, etc.



    • Sanjeev Kumar; General Study Ecology & Environment; Lucent’s Publication, 2017
    • R. Rajagopalan; Environmental Studies; Oxford University Press; Third edition (2015)
    • Rangarajan; Environmental Issues in India: A Reader ; Pearson Education India; 1 edition (2006)



    Course Name: Environmental Engineering - I



    UNIT – I

    Chapter – 1: Introduction

    Need for protected water supply, essentials of water supply, project documents preparation.


    Chapter – 2: Quantity of Water

    Population forecasting, different methods, rate of demand – factors affecting and its variation.


    Chapter – 3: Sources of Water

    Different sources of water, intakes, water borne diseases and their control, conveyance of water.


    Chapter – 4: Quality of Water

    Physical, chemical and biological characteristics, drinking water standards.


    UNIT – II

    Chapter – 5: Treatment of Water

    Aeration of water, types of aerators, theory of sedimentation, sedimentation with coagulation, coagulants, feeding devices, mixing devices, flocculation, design considerations.


    Chapter – 6: Filtration

    Types of filters – design considerations, disinfection theory, methods of disinfections, chlorination, other treatment methods, softening of water, removal of iron and manganese, defluoridation.


    Chapter – 7: Distribution of Water

    Distribution methods, systems of supply, service reservoirs and their capacity, layouts of distribution.


    Chapter – 8: Pipe Appurtenances

    Service connection, location of water supply pipes in buildings, wastage of water, leakage detection and prevention, corrosion and its prevention.


    Chapter – 9: Air Pollution

    Definition, important air pollutants and their sources, effects of air pollution on human health and on materials, control measures – air cleaning devices such as electrostatic precipitators, wet scrubbers, gravity settling basins.


    Reference Books:

    1. Manual on Water Supply and Treatment CPHEEO, Ministry of Urban

    Development, New Delhi.

    2. Garg S K, Environmental Engineering, Khanna Publishers Delhi.

    3. Birdie G S, Water supply and Sanitary Engineering, Dhanpath Rai and Sons

    Course Name: Environmental Engineering - II



    UNIT – I

    Chapter – 1: Introduction

    Aim and object of sewage disposal, systems of sanitation, systems of sewage disposal, investigation of sanitary projects.


    Chapter – 2: Quantity of Sanity and Storm Sewage

    Design of sewers, flow variations, partial flow diagrams.


    Chapter – 3: Construction of Sewer

    Laying of sewers, joining and testing of sewers, sewer appurtenances, pumping of sewage, house drainage systems, systems of pumping, typical layout plan showing house drainage.


    Chapter – 4: Characteristics of Sewage

    Aerobic and anaerobic process, cycles of decomposition.


    Chapter – 5: Disposal of Sewage

    Dilution, self purification of streams, oxygen sag curve, land disposal - suitability, sewage farming and sewage sickness, septic tanks, oxidation ponds, oxidation ditch, aerated lagoons.


    UNIT – II

    Chapter – 6: Treatment of Sewage

    Flow diagrams, screens, grit chamber, skimming tank, primary sedimentation, secondary clarifiers.

    (a) Secondary Treatment: Trickling filters – theory, parts, operation and design, RBCs activated sludge process – meaning, flow diagram, modifications, bulking of sludge, sludge volume index, sludge disposal, digestion of sludge followed by drying, sludge digesters.

    (b) Tertiary Treatment: Chlorination of sewage, coagulation of sewage etc.


    Chapter – 7: Solid Waste Disposal

    Quality and quantity of refuse, collection and conveyance of solid wastes, disposal of solid waste by composting and other methods, salvaging, grinding and discharging into sewers.


    Chapter – 8: Industrial Waste Treatment

    General characteristics of industrial wastes from dairy, sugar, fertilizer industries, ISI standards for industrial effluent disposal on land, water and sewers, treatment of wastes from the above mentioned industries, population equivalent.


    Chapter – 9: Environmental Impact Assessment

    Introduction, framework of environmental assessment, practical consideration in writing impact assessment, other necessary guidelines


    Reference Books:

    1. Sawyer and McCaurty, Chemistry for Environmental Engineering.

    2. IS: Standards: 2490 – 1974; 3360 – 1974; 3307 – 1974.

    3. Manual on Sewage and Sewage Treatment CPHEO, Ministry of Urban

    development, Delhi

    4. Garg S K, Environmental Engineering – II, Khanna Publishers.

    5. Metcalf and Eddy, Waste Water Engineering, Treatment and Reuse, Tata

    McGraw Hill

    6. Standard Methods – APHEA

    Course Name: Environmental Engineering Lab


    1. Determination of solids: Total solids, suspended solids, dissolved solids, volatile solids, fixed solids, settlable solids.

    2. Turbidity determination and jar test.

    3. Determination of Alkalinity, Acidity and pH.

    4. Determination of Calcium, Magnesium and total Hardness.

    5. Determination of Chlorides and Sulphates.

    6. Determination of Dissolved Oxygen.

    7. Determination of Residual Chlorine and chlorine demand.

    8. Determination of percentage available chlorine in Bleaching powder.

    9. Determination of Iron and Fluorides

    10. Determination of B.O.D.

    11. Determination of C.O.D.

    12. Total count test and MPN determination.

    13. Filter sand analysis – Effective size and uniformity coefficient.

    14. Demonstration of air pollution monitoring equipments.


    Reference Books:

    1. Standard methods for the examination of Water and Waste water, ALPHA – AWWA - WPCF

    2. Sawyer and McCarty, Chemistry for Environmental Engineering.

    3. IS: 3025 -1964, Methods of sampling and test (physical and chemical) for water used in Industry.

    4. S K Hussain, A Text Book of Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering.

    5. Methods for Chemical Analysis of Water and wastes – 1974 U.S. EPA technology transfer 625/6-75003 p.p 266 – 267.

    6. G S Birdie, Environmental Engineering.

    7. Drinking Water Standards, IS: 10500 – 1983

    Course Name: Environmental Impact Assessment and Auditing


    UNIT - I

    Chapter 1: Definition and importance, planning and management of impact studies.


    Chapter 2: Matrices, networks, checklists. Description of affected environment, indices and indicators for describing affected environment.


    Chapter 3: Prediction and assessment of impacts on air, surface water, soil and ground water, noise, biological, cultural and socio-economic environment. Practical applications, cradle to grave concept, life cycle analysis, clean technologies, environmental audit, compliance audit, concept of ISO and ISO 14000.



    Chapter 4: Decision methods for evaluation of alternatives.


    Chapter 5: Public participation in environmental decision making. Governmental standards for environmental protection, emerging global environmental issues, environmental legislation.


    Chapter 6: Documentation and environmental monitoring – case studies.


    Chapter 7: Environmental audit, meaning, importance – case studies.



    1. Larry W Canter (1996), “ Environmental Impact Assessment”, McGraw Hill International editions, New York.

    2. CIRIA special publication 96, Construction Industry Research and Information Association.

    3. Mhaskar A K,”Environmental Audit” Pun

    Course Name: Environmental Studies


    Chapter – 1: The Multi-disciplinary nature of Environmental Studies Definition, scope, and importance, need for public awareness.


    Chapter – 2: Natural Resources

    Renewable and non-renewable resources, natural resources and associated problems :

    Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people.

    Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and groundwater, floods, drought, dams - benefits and problems.

    Mineral resources: use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies.

    Food resources: fertilizer-pesticide problems, waterlogging, salinity, case studies.

    Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources, case studies.

    Land resources: land as a resource, land degradation, man-induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification. Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources, equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.


    Chapter – 3: Ecosystems

    Concept of an ecosystem, producers, consumers and decomposers, energy flow in the ecosystem, ecological succession, food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids.


    Chapter – 4: Biodiversity and its conservation


    UNIT – II

    Chapter – 5: Environmental Pollution

    Definition, causes, effects, and control measures of air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, marine pollution, noise pollution, nuclear hazards, solid waste management – causes, effects, and control measures of urban and industrial wastes, the role of an individual in prevention of pollution, pollution case studies, disaster management – floods, earthquake, cyclone, and landslides.


    Chapter – 6: Social Issues and the Environment

    From unsustainable to sustainable development, water conservation, rain-water harvesting, watershed management, environmental ethics – issues and possible solutions, climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust, case studies, Environment protection act, air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, public awareness.


    Chapter – 7: Human Population and the Environment

    Population growth, variation among nations, population explosion – family welfare programmes, human rights, value education, HIV/AIDS, women and child welfare.


    Reference Books:

    1. Agarwal K.C. 2001 Environmental Biology, Nidi publications Ltd. Bikaner

    2. Burnner R.C. 1989, Hazardous Waste Incineration, McGraw Hill Inc.

    3. Clark R.S. Marine Pollution, Clanderson Press Oxford (TB)

    4. Cunningham, W.P.Cooper, T.H.Gorhani et al Environmental Encyclopedia, Jaico Publ House, Mumbai

    5. De A.K., Environmental Chemistry, Wiley Eastern Ltd.


    Course Name: Environmental Science



    Chapter I: Fundamentals of Environmental Science

    Define environment, current environmental issues, socio-economic reasons behind the degradation of the environment, environmental realities, and possible solutions, Tragedy of Commons & Ecological Footprint, Environmental Science – an interdisciplinary subject, Difference between Environmental Science and Ecology.


    Chapter II: Environmental Geology

    Unique geochemical and biological features of the earth, earth – a natural close system, perpetual, renewable and nonrenewable resources of the earth, natural services, Internal layers of earth – Lithosphere, Aesthenosphere & Mesosphere, Physico-chemical properties of the crust, mantle and core, theory of plate tectonics – convergent, divergent plates & transform fault, types of rocks – igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic, the polarity of water, intramolecular and intermolecular hydrogen bond involving water molecule, unique properties of water due to hydrogen bond, the importance of hydrogen bond in biomolecules, amphipathic substances, distribution of water resources on earth, composition & characteristics of seawater, the composition of the atmosphere, layers of the atmosphere, and transformation of atmosphere from early reducing to present oxidizing form.


    Chapter III: Ecology

    Define ecosystem, basic components and functions of ecosystems, ecosystem cybernetics, technoecosytems, and quality of energy in food chains.


    Chapter IV: Environmental Chemistry

    Define BOD, unseeded and seeded BOD test, BOD as first-order reactions, numerical regarding the measurement of the carbonaceous BOD.


    Chapter V: Environmental Pollution

    Proof and measurement of dry adiabatic lapse rate, stable and unstable atmosphere, sub-adiabatic, super-adiabatic and neutral atmospheric condition, temperature inversion – radiation and subsidence inversion, measuring maximum mixing depth at any place, Air pollution, and Meteorology.


    Chapter VI: Global Environmental Issues

    Global temperature model, the greenhouse effect, greenhouse gases – their sources, greenhouse contribution, IR spectrum, effects on climate change, prevention of global warming, and adaptation to climate change.

  • Human Values & Professional Ethics


    Course Name: Business Ethics


    To make the students familiar with the importance of Ethics and its requirement in Business world.



    Basic understanding of Business Organization and Human Resource Management.




    Definition, Determinants of Ethics, Ethical Behavior Influencers, An Overview of Business Ethics, Ethical & Unethical Work Place, Ethical issues in Business, Principles of Business Ethics and Conduct, Role and Significance of Ethics, Sources of Ethics, Ethics and Law, Characteristics of Ethical &Value-Based Leaders, Attitude and Values, Ethical Dilemmas, Framework of Ethical Decision Making, Key Branches of Ethics and Models, Organizational Culture.



    Business Social Responsibility, Organizational Performance, Domains of Excellence, EPIC Cycle, Corporate Governance, Stake Holder Impact Analysis, Implementing Ethics in Workplace, Unethical Business Practices, Forces that shape Business Ethics, Ethics Auditing, Ethics and Organizational Politics, Socialization in Work Place, Ethics in Global Economy, Ethics and Integrity.                    


    Texts Books / Reference Books: 

    1. Business  Ethics – By  C.S.V. Murthy, Publisher: Himalaya  Publishing  House 
    2. Business  Ethics – By Robert A Peterson, Publisher: Prentice Hall 
    3. Business  Ethics – By   Manuel G. Velasquez, Publisher: Prentice Hall